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SAM-e for Fibromyalgia
Research is ever evolving on the most efficient and safe treatments for the many symptoms of fibromyalgia. While prescription medications continue to be approved and made available, more and more physicians and patients are turning to alternative, holistic approaches and supplements to offset the effects of fibromyalgia.
What Is SAM-e?
SAM-e is one of the more popular supplements for fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Its full name is s-adenosyl methionine, and it’s a substance that’s made naturally in your body. SAM-e’s job is to regulate key functions in your cells, and its compound is necessary for several bodily functions.
Supplement companies have found a way to replicate this compound, and SAM-e is readily available at most drugstores as an over-the-counter supplement. There’s some evidence that our bodies may lose the ability to effectively make SAM-e as we age so that supplementation could be helpful.
In research studies, SAM-e is proven to reduce the symptoms of depression and osteoarthritis – without the troublesome side effects of prescription antidepressants and NSAIDs. Because fibromyalgia is chronic, long-term use of prescription medications can prove to be both harmful and ineffective over time.
SAM-e is also important in the production of the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine, and research suggests that activity of these neurotransmitters is sluggish in fibromyalgia.
SAM-e has been studied extensively for depression, osteoarthritis, and liver disease, with mixed results. It’s also been investigated for migraine, Alzheimer’s disease, ADHD, and schizophrenia. The latter studies are inconclusive due to limited study.
Studies About SAM-e and Fibromyalgia
Some studies suggest that SAM-e is effective at relieving some fibromyalgia symptoms, including pain, morning stiffness and tender-point count, as well as mood disorders and depression symptoms.
If you also suffer from chronic fatigue, it is not as well researched in connection with CFS, but many experts say the research we do have supports its use.
The Studies and Research
- According to a 1991 Danish study, fibromyalgia patients who took 800 mg of SAM-e daily reported less pain, fatigue and morning stiffness, improved mood and fewer overall symptoms after six weeks of use.
- A 1987 Italian study found SAM-e reduced depression and the number of trigger points in fibromyalgia patients. A short 10-day Danish study involving intravenous SAM-e did not show any benefit for fibromyalgia, but that could have been because SAM-e may need several weeks to reach full effectiveness.
- A 2006 review of complementary and alternative FMS treatments named SAM-e as one of the supplements with some of the best evidence behind it.
- A 2010 review noted improvements in pain, fatigue, quality of sleep, and clinical disease activity in a placebo-controlled study involving 44 people with FMS. That same year, another review said it had a lot of potential for future research, both for fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome.
What’s the Dosage of SAM-e for Fibromyalgia?
Many doctors recommend starting with 400 mg a day of SAM-e and increasing the dosage if you tolerate it well, possibly to as high as 800 mg a day.
SAM-e should be taken on an empty stomach. It can be stimulating, so it’s best to take it early in the day, so it doesn’t disrupt your sleep.
Can You Get SAM-e Through Diet?
You can’t get SAM-e through your diet. Supplements are typically the recommended way to increase the amount that’s available in your body. It can also be injected.
Side Effects of SAM-e
Just like medications, supplements can cause negative side effects. Possible side effects of SAM-e include:
- Digestive problems, especially nausea
- Skin rash
- Lowered blood sugar
- Dry mouth
- Bloody stool
- Increased urination
People who take L-dopa, a common drug for Parkinson’s disease and a few other conditions, shouldn’t take SAM-e as it could lead to dangerous increases in dopamine. It may also lead to a potentially deadly condition called serotonin syndrome when combined with other drugs or supplements that increase levels or function of serotonin.
SAM-e is also not recommended for anyone with HIV/AIDS.
Because of an association with mania and hypomania, those with bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders, or other psychiatric conditions should be under the close supervision of a healthcare provider when taking SAM-e.
We don’t have safety data on SAM-e use during pregnancy or breastfeeding.
A Testimonial of Using SAM-e for Fibromyalgia
Donna B. was diagnosed with fibromyalgia in 2014 after several years of unexplained pain, fatigue, and other symptoms. In her words:
“Without a doubt, SAM-e is the greatest gift that my fibromyalgia doctor has given me. Over the last nine months, it’s become one of my go-to supplements for managing daily fibro symptoms… My physician recommended SAM-e as a natural alternative to prescription antidepressants (like Cymbalta and Savella) for relieving my fibromyalgia pain, fatigue and low mood. I started on 200 mg and increased my dosage over several days until I felt a reduction in my symptoms.
“I found my sweet spot at 800 mg daily, but dosages up to 1600 mg appear to be well tolerated based on past SAM-e studies. The most commonly reported side effects are gas, upset stomach, diarrhea/constipation, dizziness and anxiety, especially when taken at higher doses.
“I experienced dizziness and anxiety while taking 1200 mg of SAM-e, but those side effects disappeared when I lowered my dose. I’ve had no other issues with it.
“Within a couple of weeks of starting SAM-e, I felt a noticeable improvement in my mood and energy levels. Unfortunately, it never helped my pain levels. For that, I use other tools.
“But I continue to take SAM-e and tell other fibro sufferers about it because it’s nearly eliminated my fibro-related depression, and it enhances my daily stamina/energy. Anyone with fibro knows that we can go to some pretty dark places in our minds, but SAM-e stabilizes my mood so I’m better able to cope with the day-to-day struggles of living with fibromyalgia (and more recently, being diagnosed with Lyme disease).
“I know others find SAM-e helpful for pain control, but that hasn’t been my personal experience.
“I’m grateful my doctor was open-minded enough to try natural therapies, and SAM-e has become an important tool in my fibro-fighting arsenal.”
Is SAM-e Right for You?
The best way to decide whether you should try SAM-e supplements is to do your research and talk to your doctor about it. Be sure to weigh the risks versus the potential benefits.
It’s also a good idea to ask your pharmacist about SAM-e or any other supplement you plan to add to your regimen, as well. Pharmacists are experts on how different things may interact in your body, so they can be a great resource as you look for things that make you feel better.
National Pain Report (Why SAM-e Is One Of My Favorite Fibromyalgia Supplements)
VeryWell Health (SAM-e For Fibromyalgia And Chronic Fatigue Syndrome)
Society and culture
In the United States and Canada, SAM is sold as a dietary supplement under the marketing name SAM-e (also spelled SAME or SAMe; pronounced “sam ee” or “Sammy”); it was introduced in the US in 1999, after the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act was passed in 1994.
It was introduced as a prescription drug in Italy in 1979, in Spain in 1985, and in Germany in 1989; as of 2012 It was marketed as a prescription drug in Russia, India, China, Italy, Germany, Vietnam, and Mexico.
Interactions and contraindications
Taking SAM at the same time as some drugs may increase the risk of serotonin syndrome, a potentially dangerous condition caused by having too much serotonin. These drugs include dextromethorphan (Robitussin), meperidine (Demerol), pentazocine (Talwin), and tramadol (Ultram). SAM may also interact with antidepressant medications increasing the potential for their side effects and reduce the effectiveness of levodopa for Parkinson’s disease.[medical citation needed]
People who have bipolar disorder should not use SAM because it increases the risk of manic episodes.